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新概念25到48的summary writing的沙尾出口小姐摘要写作(summary writing)控制性的沙尾出口小姐形式

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楼主
发表于 2017-3-26 17:40:45 | 只看该作者 回帖奖励 |倒序浏览 |阅读模式
摘要(summary)是一种对原始文献(或文章)的基本内容进行浓缩的语义连贯的短文。它以迅速掌握原文内容梗概为目的,不加主观评论和解释,但必须简明、确切地表述原文的重要内容。

摘要写作(summary writing)是一种控制性的沙尾出口小姐形式,它能使学生通过阅读原文,吸收原文的文章结构与语言方面的长处,写出内容一致、结构近似、语言简洁的短文。另外,对培养学生善于抓住文章重点的能力也有很大帮助,有利于他们在实际写作中避免面面俱到,事无巨细,一一罗列的不良倾向。这种写作既要准确理解原文,又要能综合概括;既能培养欣赏能力,又能训练书面表达能力。因此,用英文写摘要,对学习英语写作的学生来说,不失为一种切合实际的方法。下面谈谈如何写好英文摘要。

1)细读原文。首先要仔细阅读全篇作品,然后对作品进行整体分析,掌握原文总的意思和结构,明确全文的主题(the maintheme)和各段的段落大意(the main idea)。

2)弄清要求。搞清楚是写全文概要,还是写某一部分的概要,或者就某些问题写出要点。

3)列出原文要点。分析原文的内容和结构,将内容分项扼要表述并注意在结构上的顺序。在此基础上选出与文章主题密切相关的部分。

4)草拟写作提纲并写出初稿。将挑选出的要点作为框架草拟详细的提纲,以所列的提纲为依据写出摘要的初稿。在写作时要特别注意下面几点:

(1)摘要应包括原文中的主要事实(main facts);略去不必要的细节(unnecessary details)。

(2)安排好篇幅的比例。摘要应同原文保持协调,即用较多的文字写重要内容,用较少的文字写次要内容。

(3)注意段落的连贯和句子的衔接。要用适当的转折词语贯通全文,切忌只简单地写出一些互不相干的句子。

(4)尽可能用自己的话来写,但不排斥用原文的某些词句。

(5)计算词数,看是否符合规定的词数要求。
沙发
?楼主| 发表于 2017-3-26 17:41:03 | 只看该作者
Summary Writing??




Kate looked at Paul disapprovingly: “You use much too much salt on your food, Paul-it’s not as at all good for you!” Paul put down his knife and frowned: “Why on earth not! If you didn’t have salt on your food it would taste awful… like eating cardboard or sand … just imagine bread without salt in it, or potatoes or pasta cooked without salt!” Kat was patient. She didn’t want to quarrel with Paul. She wanted to persuage him. She said firmly: “But too much salt is bad for you. It causes high blood pressure and later on, heart attacks. It also disguises the tastes of food, the real tastes, which are much more subtle than salt, and which we have lost the sensitivity to appreciate any more.”
板凳
?楼主| 发表于 2017-3-26 17:41:19 | 只看该作者
Answer these questions in notmore than 50 words.

1.Where has Mr. Scott opened his secondgarage?

2.Where is his first garage?

3.How far away is Silbury?

4.Can Mr.Scott get a telephone for his newgarage or not?

5.What has he bought?

6.In how many minutes do they carrymessages from one garage to the onther?



Mr.Scott opened his second garage inPilhurst. His first garage in Silbury. It is five miles fromSilbury. Mr.Scott cannot get a telephone for his new garage. He hasbought twelve pigeons. They carry messages in three minutes fromone garage to the onther.
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